Entropion, the opposite of ectropion, occurs when the lower lid turns inward toward the eyeball. The lid may be turned inward at all times or only when blinking hard or squeezing eyelids shut. The lid and lashes then rub on the cornea, causing irritation. Irritation can be minimized by using artificial tears or ointments. Entropion can be congenital or caused by...

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Ectropion occurs when the lower lid droops down and outward. It is also called Lax Eyelid Syndrome (LES). This can occur naturally due to age, or from disease or injury to the eyelid. Ectropion can cause corneal exposure keratitis, since the lids cannot close and blink all the way. This contributes to irritation from insufficient tear film. For this reason, many...

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Corneal Ulcer

Corneal ulcers are essentially open wounds on the cornea. Ulcers are usually caused by infection, but can also be due to severe dry eye or improper contact lens wear. Those most at risk for developing an ulcer are contact lens wearers, those with a history of chickenpox or shingles, and people with dry eyes. It is important to wear protective safety glasses when...

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Pterygia and Pinguecula

  What is a pterygium and pingueculum? A pterygium (te-RIH-jee-um, plural pterygia) is a pinkish, triangular growth of tissue on the conjunctiva of the eye (the thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye), extending...

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Allergic Conjunctivitis

  What is allergic conjunctivitis? Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye condition that can affect all ages. The inside lining of the eyelids, the conjunctiva, and the surface of the eye become red and swollen. This irritation can cause itching, crusting, and other discomfort....

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