Glaucoma is a serious eye disorder in which pressure inside the eye causes damage to the optic nerve at the back of the eye. There are many types of the disease but the most common is called Primary Open Angle Glaucoma. This condition affects at least 1% of the population and is more common in older people, African Americans and those with diabetes or a family history. Treatment options include eye drops, pills, laser therapy and surgery. The right choice for you will depend on the nature of your condition.
Laser therapy can be used in-office to improve drainage of fluid from the eye, but may need to be repeated. If your condition remains uncontrolled surgery may be needed.
In any case, your eye pressure needs to be checked regularly, ideally every three months. There are also acute forms of glaucoma in which the eye pressure suddenly rises causing redness, pain and vision loss. Warning signs before an attack include seeing haloes or rainbows around lights. This type of glaucoma will need to be treated with medications and/or laser therapy.