Costume Contacts Lenses and Safety

Cosmetic or decorative contact lenses are contact lenses that change the way your eyes look, whether or not they provide any corrective benefit. These contact lenses can make your eyes look different in many ways, from changing pupil shape or eye color, to giving cartoon character or animal eye effects.  These contact lenses are also often available […]

Fuchs’ Corneal Dystrophy

Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy is a disorder in which the cells in the endothelial layer of the cornea essentially die. The purpose of these cells is to pump fluid from the cornea. When these cells are no longer functioning, fluid builds up and causes corneal swelling. This corneal edema affects vision, causing it to be cloudy […]

Corneal Scratches

Corneal Scratches: After Your Visit Your Care Instructions The cornea is the clear surface that covers the front of the eye. When a speck of dirt, a wood chip, an insect, or another object flies into your eye, it can cause a painful scratch on the cornea. Wearing contact lenses too long or rubbing your […]

Anterior Basement Membrane Dystrophy (ABMD) and Recurrent Corneal Erosion (RCE)

Anterior Basement Membrane Dystrophy (ABMD) affects the epithelium, which is the front layer of the cornea. It is caused by an overproduction of tissue underneath the epithelium, causing gaps in between the epithelial cells. This abnormality of the cells causes blurred vision and can lead to a condition called recurrent corneal erosion (RCE).  RCE occurs […]

Viral Conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and is most often caused by adenovirus. Symptoms include irritation and redness, light sensitivity, foreign body sensation, and a watery discharge. Symptoms may start in one eye and rapidly spread to the other eye. There may also be small bumps on the inside of the lids, called follicles. Many cases […]

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is caused by bacteria infecting the eyes. Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually identifiable from thick discharge from the eye. Other symptoms include eye redness, swollen or red eyelids, and mild eye pain.  Bacterial conjunctivitis can affect one or both eyes and may spread from one eye to the other […]

Conjunctivochalasis and Lax Eyelid Syndrome (LES)

Conjunctivochalasis is a common condition in which the conjunctiva develops excess folds. The conjunctiva is the tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera, or the white part of the eye. Conjunctivochalasis is most commonly caused gradually as the tissues thin and stretch with age. This loose tissue can irritate the […]


Entropion, the opposite of ectropion, occurs when the lower lid turns inward toward the eyeball. The lid may be turned inward at all times or only when blinking hard or squeezing eyelids shut. The lid and lashes then rub on the cornea, causing irritation. Irritation can be minimized by using artificial tears or ointments. Entropion […]


Ectropion occurs when the lower lid droops down and outward. It is also called Lax Eyelid Syndrome (LES). This can occur naturally due to age, or from disease or injury to the eyelid. Ectropion can cause corneal exposure keratitis, since the lids cannot close and blink all the way. This contributes to irritation from insufficient […]

Corneal Ulcer

Corneal ulcers are essentially open wounds on the cornea. Ulcers are usually caused by infection, but can also be due to severe dry eye or improper contact lens wear. Those most at risk for developing an ulcer are contact lens wearers, those with a history of chickenpox or shingles, and people with dry eyes. It […]